| Swiss Confederation|
|Head of State||Federal Council|
|Appearances|| "The Final Problem"|
Sherlock Holmes: A Game of Shadows
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation (or Confoederatio Helvetica), was a mountainous country in central Europe. It was bordered by France to the west, Germany to the north, Austria to the east and Italy to the south. Switzerland was divided into several distinct regions along language lines, with a majority German-speaking population in the north and east, a smaller French-speaking population in the west, and a minority Italian-speaking population in the south.
Sherlock Holmes and Dr John Watson flee to Switzerland to escape from Professor James Moriarty, ending up in the village of Meiringen in the Alps. Before they can continue their trip to Rosenlaui, Watson is separated from Holmes and the detective is attacked by Moriarty at the Reichenbach Falls, though he apparently kills Moriarty at the cost of his own life.
To assist Sherlock Holmes in investigating Lady Frances' disappearance, Watson travels to a hotel in Lausanne, the lady's last known address. He learns that she left abruptly after an apparently happy stay of several weeks, apparently making an effort to conceal the fact she was traveling to Baden in Germany.
Baron Adelbert Gruner's first wife died in an apparent accident in the Splügen Pass, located in the Alps on the border between Switzerland and Italy. Although Gruner is cleared of any wrongdoing after a trial in Prague, Holmes and many others believe him to be guilty in spite of the lack of hard evidence.