|Appearances|| "The Final Problem"|
Sherlock Holmes: A Game of Shadows
Straßburg (French: Strasbourg) is the capital of the province of Alsace-Lorraine in western Germany. For centuries contested between France and Germany, the city was captured from France in 1871 following the Franco-Prussian War. It is well known for its Gothic cathedral and picturesque half-timbered buildings.
After fleeing England to escape from Professor James Moriarty, Sherlock Holmes and Dr John Watson travel through Europe, first to Brussels and then to Strasbourg. Here, Holmes receives a telegram that informs him that Moriarty has escaped from the London police. Presuming that the criminal would come for him, Holmes leaves the city immediately for Switzerland.
In October 1891, during a festival celebrating the 20th anniversary of the city's re-incorporation into Germany, it became the scene of a terrorist bombing that killed numerous people. The attack received wide newspaper coverage, with one paper referring to it as the "Horror in Strasbourg". Though variously blamed on anarchists or French nationalists, it was in fact orchestrated by Moriarty and was intended to destabilize relations between France and Germany. It was also one of a series of incidents that helped Sherlock Holmes become aware of the vast, Europe-wide conspiracy led by the professor.
Alfred Meinhard's apparent assassination by bombing was widely seen as a retaliation for this event, although in fact both were orchestrated by Moriarty.
- Strasbourg is today once again French, having been regained following Germany's defeat in World War I; in fact, the desire to retake the city and Alsace-Lorraine was a major reason for France participating in the war in the first place.
- The banner over the central tent at the festival reads 20. Jahrestag von Elsaß-Lothringen, meaning "20th Anniversary of Elsaß-Lothringen" (the German province in which Strasbourg was situated between 1871-1918).